Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi

The region of Tuscany is well known for its gently sloping hills, its culture, art, Chianti wine, and fashion – all factors leading to a distinctive lifestyle well summarized in the popular movie and motto Under the Tuscan Sun. Undoubtedly Livorno is the gateway of Tuscany to the Italian Mediterranean Sea.

The illustrious Renaissance family, the Medici, had a hand in fortifying the existing town and developing trade from the port. At the turn of the 16th Century the “Livorno Laws” were passed , which increased maritime commercial activities by making Livorno (“Leghorn” for the English) a Free Port, and guaranteed religious and political freedom to its inhabitants.

Livorno then became a crossroads of peoples, religions, customs and created a precursors society open to all. Livorno was defined an “ideal town” during the Italian Renaissance.

Today it reveals its history through the structure of its neighborhoods, crossed by canals and surrounded by fortified town walls, through the tangle of its streets, which  embroider the town’s Venice district, and through the Medici Port characteristically overlooked by towers and fortresses leading to the town centre.

Its palm-lined promenade, its Art Nouveau villas and lidos, the cliffs overlooking the sea, the unforgettable sunsets from the Mascagni terrace, its traditional, lively restaurants and bars overlooking the canals of the historic district named after the city of Venice, make Livorno yet another gem under the Tuscan sun.


Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi

The Venice district

Away from the busy streets of the town centre, the Venezia district – Livorno’s version of ‘little Venice’ – offers a glimpse of historic Livorno as it was in the 17th and 18th centuries, when the port of Livorno was developing as one of the most important in the Mediterranean and the new city was inhabited by many foreign communities who set up business here.

Terrazza Mascagni

Terrazza Mascagni is the most beautiful seafront of Italy, named in honor of Pietro Mascagni, a famous opera composer. The beautiful winding path, with its black and white tiled pavement, striking columned banister and exquisite seats to sit back in and admire the view, is by far one of the finest in the world.

Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi

Monumento ai Quattro Mori

Monument of the Four Moors, dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinando I De’ Medici, is one of the most important monuments of the city.

Fortezza Vecchia

Fortezza Vecchia was raised on demand of the Florentine Government. The aim to build it is to protect the port that the Medici destined to become the Florentine counter-attraction to the Pisa port of call. The works started in 1506, when the architect Antonio da Sangallo was called in Livorno to plan a fortification project. Old Fortress presents imposing walls with bricks and is surrounded by the Medici moats, ship canals that cross through the historical centre.

Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi

Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi

Photo ©Cityweb Italy by Luca Caponi